Directory -- Directory-limited configuration directives


Directory [ <Directory pathname>]




server config, <VirtualHost>, <Anonymous>, <Global>




0.99.0 and later


This directive creates a block of configuration directives which applies only to the specified directory and its sub-directories. The block is ended with </Directory>. Per-directory configuration is enabled during run-time with a "closest" match algorithm, meaning that the <Directory> directive with the closest matching path to the actual pathname of the file or directory in question is used. Per-directory configuration is inherited by all sub-directories until a closer matching <Directory> is encountered, at which time the original per-directory configuration is replaced with the closer match. Note that this does not apply to <Limit> </Limit> blocks, which are inherited by all sub-directories until a <Limit> block is reached in a closer match.

A trailing slash and wildcard ("/*") can be appended to the directory, specifying that the configuration block applies only to the contents (and sub-contents), not to the actual directory itself. Such wildcard matches always take precedence over non-wildcard <Directory> configuration blocks. <Directory> blocks cannot be nested (they are automatically nested at run-time based on their pathnames). Pathnames must always be absolute (except inside <Anonymous>), and should not reference symbolic links. Pathnames inside an <Anonymous> block can be relative, indicating that they are based on the anonymous root directory.

[Notes for ProFTPD 1.1.3 and later only] Pathnames that begin with the special character '~' and do not specify a username immediately after ~ are put into a special deferred mode. When in deferred mode, the directory context is not hashed and sorted into the configuration tree at boot time, but rather this hashing is deferred until a user authenticates, at which time the '~' character is replaced with the user's home directory. This allows a global <Directory> block which applies to all user's home directories, or sub-directories thereof. This feature is not supported within an <Anonymous> block.

See also



#Default usage of the directory directive
<Directory /users/robroy/private>
  HideNoAccess on

#Example with username-expanding
<Directory ~/anon-ftp>
  <Limit WRITE>